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June, 2014 Monthly archive


1st Lieutenant Stanley G. Markusen (left) of Saint Paul, Minnesota, was the 78th Fighter Group’s Public Relations Officer, whose duties included releasing information to the newspapers and receiving VIPs. Importantly for us, he was also the Group’s Historian. He was responsible for sending each month’s reports to the 66th Fighter Wing at nearby Sawston Hall, marked for the attention of the Wing’s Historian.

On 1 July, he submitted a full report, plus enclosures, of the Group’s activities for the month of June. There were hundreds of pages of documents, some of which we’ve been looking at over the last few weeks of blogging and tweeting. One report that we didn’t manage to include was Pfc Brennan’s ‘Orderly Room History’. In it he rather memorably describes how his unit was told about special new D-Day precautions:

‘The evening of the day of the invasion the Captain called a special squadron formation at which time he briefed us on the measures to take in case this base was attacked. When alert 1 goes off we are to get fully dressed. We are to remain in the barracks until further orders from higher headquarters. Under no circumstances is anyone allowed to go out unless he wants to get his rectum shot off.’

The 78th Fighter Group played its part in the build up to and execution of D-Day. The missions carried out by the Group’s pilots helped to secure the skies over the Normandy beaches, and prevented the German army from reinforcing the defences. General Hap Arnold summed up the contribution of the USAAF on 16 June:

‘Your sustained maximum efforts leading up to and during the operation against the European Continent have permitted our surface forces to operate unhampered from enemy air opposition and have paved the way for them to move forward with greater speed. This together with the direct blows against Germany itself has shortened the remaining time for defeat of the enemy. I regret that I cannot visit every unit to commend you and your commanders personally for the energy, aggressiveness, and teamwork you and they have displayed in accomplishing your missions. The job is not over. I wish you all good fortune in keeping the German Air Force subjugated and in carrying on until the final collapse of the Axis.’

As the preceding tweets have shown, this success came at a high price. Not all of the Group’s losses were sustained in combat. In May John Hartman died in an explosion while trying to rescue a crewman from a crashed aircraft. Two days before D-Day, James Wilkinson was killed when his P-47 crashed in Wales. All of these deaths, whether caused by combat or by accident, had profound consequences for the friends and families the men left behind. ‘You were always very happy to see them come back,’ recalled Fred Haueter in an interview he recorded with us. ‘I can remember when Lieutenant Hunt didn’t come back. I guess I was almost kinda sick. Even thinking about it now, it’s kinda hard.’

This will be the final entry in this set of ‘Duxford, D-Day and the 78th Fighter Group’ blogs. They’ve hopefully provided an insight into one part of the huge undertaking that was Operation Overlord. I’ll leave the last word to Stanley Markusen, by reproducing the narrative summary that he wrote at the end of a momentous month. In it he describes the Group’s losses, including the horrific toll on 10 June:

‘Flying for the first time for a full month under the command of Colonel Frederic C. Gray, the 78th Fighter Group abandoned its customary role of escorting heavy bombers to Europe and flew mostly fighter-bomber missions.

With the advent of the invasion of northern France, the group started carrying 250, 500 and in rare instances, 100 pound bombs. A terrific loss incurred on one day when 10 men were lost in combat fairly close to the landing zone. One squadron lost its C.O., the 84th losing Major Harold E. Stump. Along with Stump, operations officer, Captain Billy Hunt, went down. Flight leader James Casey also was lost. The 83rd Fighter Squadron lost a major on his first operational mission Major Donald McLeod – a veteran of the African theatre, and a man who had spent considerable time with the RAF on Malta.

The 82nd Squadron lost their temporary C.O., Captain James Wilkinson in a routine flying crash two days before D-Day. He had gone to inspect the site where a locomotive was to be placed for an experimental strafing by himself and other pilots. Crashing into the side of a small mountain, Wilkinson was killed – an ironical fate depriving him of the chance to fly in the invasion he had so long looked forward to at this base.

Captain Ben Mayo took charge of 82nd Squadron, with Captain Holly assuming the leadership of the 84th. The 83rd Squadron also lost one of their best pilots, Lt. Bill McDermott, when he had a mid-air collision with Lieutenant Kochanek.

For the first time in months no award ceremony was held.

Colonel Gray was promoted to a full-colonelcy toward the end of the month. He had shared the destruction of a Focke-Wulf 190 on D-Day with Lt Massa. The latter went down on the disastrous 10 man loss a few days afterwards.

The only remaining member of the original 78th Fighter Group now flying is Major Eby, operations officer. All the rest of the men have been transferred, killed or are missing in action – with the exception of a few men now on detached service to the Zone of the Interior. Public relations stories for the month of June reached a new high – totalling over a thousand.

The group has suffered a lot of casualties of late – several of them in non-operational flights. It has added a good number of new pilots – with the ground officers and enlisted men remaining, with one department exception. The Medical section has had a complete turn-over, from the group surgeon to the squadron surgeons in the fighter group and the service group.

The group flew forty five combat missions in June, the highest number ever. Several days saw three separate missions.

Restrictions were lifted for travelling a distance of 25 miles – no more.’

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An image taken by the 78th Fighter Group's John Taylor, captioned 'Looking toward motor pool'

This photograph was taken from the airfield lookout post, which in 1944 was on the south east corner of the 82nd Fighter Squadron’s hangar. It shows the ‘motor pool’ and, in the foreground, other workshops and support facilities.

The proverb that begins ‘For the want of a nail…’ is often quoted to illustrate the importance of every cog, no matter how small, to the eventual success of an operation. Our latest extract from the 78th Fighter Group’s records illustrates how everyone had a part to play in the Group’s success, and in the overall success of the wider undertaking that was D-Day.  If the actual words of the proverb, a version of which is often attributed to Benjamin Franklin, weren’t at the forefront of Staff Sergeant William F. Roberts’s mind when he wrote his June 1944 report, I think he would nevertheless have appreciated its sentiment:

‘As I start this month’s Squadron History I can’t help but be impressed by the significance of the importance that June 6, 1944 will play in the History of the world. I realize of course that this contribution is concerned only with the happenings of our squadron, but I am going to take the privilege of digressing for a moment to offer a few words of praise to everyone concerned in the stupendous undertaking that took place on that memorable day.

After months of planning, down to the minutest detail, the venture was a great success and obviously will continue as such. Being connected with supply I am naturally impressed with the magnitude of the job of acquiring and accumulating the staggering amount of supplies that was the prime requisite so necessary for the landing and subsequent holding of the beachhead. In last month’s history I erroneously stated that the Group was discontinuing the use of 150 octane petrol. It seems that I was sadly misinformed, not only has the 82nd Squadron continued to use this petrol but the entire group is using it. The most difficult part of the task was the siphoning of 12,000 gallons, due to the old type tank not having installation suitable for drainage. Our petrol boys have been pretty much on the ball inasmuch as they had the additional duty of refuelling some fifty transient planes from the beachhead. It was necessary to replenish their supply to the extent of 32,000 gallons that night, a job that kept the men busy all night.

The continued influx of parts to this station has helped considerably to alleviate the constant demand of the post technical supply departments. This is due primarily to the daily contacts being made by Major Dehm and M/Sgt Hubbard with our supply depot. A look at the daily status report will show the results of this effort. Our average for planes grounded for parts for the first 20 days of this month was less than two per day. We in supply think that figure rather good considering the amount of planes we handle, and the conditions that have been prevalent for some time.

Recently new ships that have been assigned to the group have been arriving with new type Hamilton Hydromatic propeller. As to the merits of the propeller I am not in a position to say, however there has been considerable difficulty obtaining the parts necessary for their repair. To combat this situation the group has changed several of the props over to Curtiss Electric propeller. There are some half dozen parts necessary for this change and so far we have met the demand. To meet the emergency M/Sgt Hubbard has set aside a complete kit of these parts in the event of another change over.

If we could foresee the trouble and deficiencies that arise and the cycle they take ours would be a happy lot. As an example, the latter part of last month saw a requisition for a Flight Indicator type C-7. Little did we realize the numerous requests about to descend on us for this item in the coming days. After a week of trying different depots and bases, without much success, Major Dehm and M/Sgt Hubbard were about to tear their hair out. Fortunately the situation was successfully coped with and the wheel has turned. Our supply depot being cognizent of our repleted stock for this item, has since remedied this situation and we now have a supply sufficient to meet a normal demand. We are awaiting with much trepidation the next sequence of events and the item it will concern.

Congratulations are in order to M/Sgt Hubbard and Pfc Hopgood on their birthdays this month. Major Dehm and all the boys wish them the best of everything. Pfc William “Bullethead” Drechsler has left our industrious group and transferred over to the sheet metal shop. The first thing the sheet metal boys did was to change Bullet’s, ‘Nom De Plume’, it is now appropriately “Rivet Head”. His T.O.file is being handled by Cpl Howell and Pfc Lobdell.

M/Sgt Hubbard’s untiring effort to keep our A.C.C. status report below a theoretical minimum was proven once again when he first contacted another P-47 base at Martlesham Heath in regards to acquiring two main landing wheels for Colonel Grey’s plane. It was only a matter of moments for Hubbard to fly to Martlesham and return with the wheels.’

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A view from the station lookout post to the south west corner of the airfield.

Duxford, as viewed from the station lookout post.

Captain John E Lingenfelter

Captain John E Lingenfelter

Captain John E. Lingenfelter’s 1042nd Signal Company was responsible for keeping Duxford connected to the outside world. It was an important job, and an ideal position from which to study how the 78th Fighter Group fitted into the whole D-Day operation. The report submitted by the company for inclusion in the Group’s history was one of the most detailed accounts of Duxford’s D-Day we are likely to find.

It paints a very good picture of the hustle and bustle of a busy USAAF station taking part in a huge operation. It explains how communications were handled at this pressured time, and illustrates how news of the landings in Normandy filtered back to the UK.It also shows how life on base carried on relatively normally, despite the momentous events taking place. I wonder how Harris, Hanley, DeCamilla, May, Millgate, Monahan, and Ruffalo reacted to being given a lecture on ‘Sex Morality’ on 6 June, of all days?

‘Headquarter 1042nd Signal Company Service Group APO 637 U.S. Army

Duxford, Cambridgeshire, England, June 1944


The history making month of June has finally arrived and with it the opening of the Second Front – the long awaited for day which is to alter the destinies of both the armed forces of the United States and her Allies and the countries on the continent.

As the month opened preparations were being brought forward to the finishing stages and troops to take part in the invasion were now standing by waiting for the “H” hour. What preparations were being made were known only to those who were to play the major part in the landings and other air and ground units throughout England continued their routine duties with perhaps only an inkling that not too many days would pass before something “cracked”.

We were no exception, and our duties went on as usual. Passes were still on the taboo list and the field in general went to their duties with memories of dates, “Mild and Bitters”, and other forms of relaxation in near-by towns.

Our company, not being intended for a landing unit, continued its operation of the field communications and saw the opening of the anniversary of a year-and-one-half in England. Little changes took place the first few days of the month and the only one to have any bearing took place on the first day of June when Sergeant James R. Peterson arrived at two in the afternoon from Raydon for Permanent duty with the Headquarter unit. Sergeant Peterson had been held up along with many other Cadets and had been returned to our Department. Immediate preparations were made by Captain Lingenfelter to bring him back to the parent unit to fill a shortage which he was qualified for and to bring him back to his buddies First Sergeant Don and Staff Sergeant James O’Leary and Technical Sergeant Stanley M. Doll with whom he enlisted in February of 1942.

With Peterson’s arrival he was assigned to teletype duty and relieved the pressure in that department which had been working on doubled-up shifts for the last few weeks of May.

Instructions began to pour in over our teletype machine in regards to what would be required of communications during the forthcoming operations against the continent. One such teletype on the second of the month informed us that when the time arrived it might be necessary to reduce the amount of telephone traffic passed over trunk circuits. In areas where this would be necessary a procedure would be brought into force by the Theatre Commander by the issue of code words “Minimize Telephone” to Commanders concerned. This Minimize Telephone procedure which was passed on to our telephone operators through Staff Sergeant McKay, Section Head, provided a control whereby all incoming calls within the same exchange would be permitted in the normal manner. Further control specified that “outgoing calls to another switchboard would be permitted only from specifically designated extensions which were to be marked on the switchboard according to instructions issued previously”. This meant that only those officers authorized by these previous instructions to make “Clear the Line” Priority 1, or Priority 11 calls would be permitted to make any outgoing trunk calls in areas in which “Minimize Telephone” is in effect. Normal conditions in service would be restored by the Theatre Commander when the situation warranted it, the teletype stated. The British Services were being governed by a similar procedure which were to be brought into Force in the same areas controlled by their exchange.

With this information being passed on to the operators on the second of June other changes were taking place within the organization. Not only were rumours prevalent but a certain uneasiness was noticeable throughout the field and our unit was no exception. With all the rumours and wild guesses it is safe to say that not a single soldier even would guess that four days from then thousands of soldiers would be storming the beach-head of Normandy. On the afternoon of the second we were to see a change take place in our own company when our Supply Sergeant, Technical Sergeant Stanley N. Doll was sent to the 280th Station Hospital at Saffron Walden along with Private Ottis E. Williams. Doll had been previously been hospitalised seven times because of his infected tonsils and this time was being sent to have them removed. Williams was being sent for a physical check-up.

The restriction which has been placed on the field on the twenty-eighth of May was still in effect on the third of the month and all rumours were hastily forgotten around 1530 hours on the fourth when a Tannoy announcement informed all personnel that there would be a “Liberty Run Tonight”. The men who had been looked up for approximately a week began to storm all orderly rooms for passes and were soon headed for town with a little or no idea that the invasion was soon to break.

The usual duties were resumed the following morning, but at 1400 hours that afternoon we all found ourselves confined to the field once more. By this time it had become more or less a habit and not too many men gave it a second thought. They picked up their carbines, helmets, ammunition and gas-masks and struck out for their planes and shops while wondering how they could inform their girl-friends that they would be unable to keep that date.

About the same time that this restriction was placed on the field we received orders from Headquarters informing us that Privates Williams and May had been promoted to Privates First Class for the first promotion of the month. That evening the majority of men headed for the theatre and the Red Cross and it was during the movie that the “wheels began to spin”. Tannoy after Tannoy was made for all of the Officers from the Commanding Officer on down to the Medical, Ordinance, and Mess Officer, together with various crews of the squadrons.

With all the interruptions the movie finally ended and when the men filed from the theatre they beheld a sight they would never forget. All of the planes were parked into groups and all were moved from the revetments to the center and edges of the field where the crews had already begun to paint the invasion stripes across the wings and fuselages. Ordnance trucks were rushing back and forth between the bomb and ammunition dumps and the revetments with their loads of bombs and ammunitions. Activity was everywhere and our telephone operators and teletype men were getting the heaviest load of traffic in all of the time that the board had been in operation under our supervision. Additional men were sent to the radio room, switchboard, and teletype rooms to stand-by and give relief to the men who snatched a few breaks to sip coffee and snacks distributed by the Red Cross girls.

By the time the morning rolled around the news was pretty well known that the invasion was in progress and all men not on duty were huddled around radios to soak up every bit of news that came across. Finally the voice of the Supreme Allied Commander was heard issuing instructions to the French underground and to our own Allied Expeditionary Forces. The invasion was on and the pressure was off after many long months of waiting…

For the next few days our men settled down to work with a fervor long forgotten and spirits seemed higher than they had been for many months. The usual routine of duties filled the hours both during the day and night so that what little free time the men did have they were willing to roll into the ‘sack’. We suffered no losses or gains in our personnel until the eighth of the month when Private Edward May was sent to the 280th Station Hospital, making this the third hospital case this month. He was not a battle casualty or injured in any way as a result of the invasion, but was being confined because of a minor physical ailment.

We shortly received notice that our Radio Net would maintain complete radio silence which was complied with immediately. This was the only section in the company to fade into silence and while the operators and teletype section were being flooded with work the invasion rolled around to the tenth of the month with remarkable success being noted in all radio reports and news Bulletins.

As a special activity of the Special Service Section of the field all personnel throughout the base were kept informed daily by means of the INVASION NEWS BULLETIN which was posted all around the field. On the tenth this bulletin summarized the progress as follows: “Americans have taken two towns…St Mere Eglise, on the Cherbourg Road, and also another at the base of the peninsula. General Bradley in Command. More than 800 prisoners taken in one battle. Main Rail and Road Links to Cherbourg are now out.”

The results of the kills made by each of the squadrons was also published on the bulletin and on the tenth it stated that Lieutenants [Kuehner] and Baker of the 82nd had not returned from their missions. “Ground strafing of trucks and goods vans successful. At least two bomb hits on railway lines.” For the 83rd the following note was published: “8 locomotives damaged, four by Capt. Wilkes and by F.O. Oxley, McDermott and Mullins. A German Staff bus was destroyed also and at least 50 goods wagons strafed by Capt. Wilkes and Lieutenant [Allsteidt]. For the 84th it was noted that “Lieutenant Lloyd has not returned from mission Eight to ten tanks damaged and destroyed, five trucks damaged, one armoured car damaged, two flak towers damaged, railway yards and bridges bombed.”

That was the way the field stacked up for the first few days of the invasion and during all of this actual combat by the pilots our men felt that they were a vital factor in maintaining the proper communication and if possible be an aid in bringing these planes back safely to the field. Men no longer complained because they had to work an additional shift or because they weren’t getting the usual pass without sleep and were bragging with pride.

A few days prior to the opening of the invasion we had made arrangements for the use of the rifle range. We managed to obtain the range on the fifth of June and ran off our firing orders all in one day.

On the sixth of June at 1330 hours we had further duties to perform in the matter of bringing service records up-to-date and at that time Harris, and Strauss were read the Articles of War and Harris, Hanley, DeCamilla, May, Millgate, Monahan, and Ruffalo were given a lecture on Sex Morality. On the eighth of the month a film on Venereal Disease was shown at the Post Theatre at 1400 hours which was attended by all members of the organization. Those who were unable to attend at that time were scheduled for the following two days.

Two days later a General Order on “Prescribed Uniform” was issued and a Memorandum was posted prohibiting the wearing of black ties by any of our personnel in accordance with existing War Department Regulations and Theatre Directives.

Five days…passed since “D” Day and the field as a whole…settled down to a normal routine, but whether we know it or not we were doing a job which was a definite asset to the success of the invasion so far. This was borne out by a teletype on the eleventh which stated…

“It has been my recent privilege to transmit to you certain messages of congratulation from the Eighth Command. These messages are evidence of a real appreciation of your magnificent contribution in immediate support of the ground assault. It is possible at this time to state a few facts concerning this contribution which are considered to be of encouraging interest to all of you. In the five days following the initial assault the strength of the allied landings has been approximately as planned. Steadily growing forces are in contact with the enemy. The German has failed to oppose this operation with the strength expected and has failed to launch counterattacks of the violence planned for our ground commanders. The successful establishment and reinforcement of the beachhead and the comparatively low casualties suffered are considered due in large measure to the employment of bombardment required bombing through the overcase with a degree of accuracy normally associated with only highly successful visual operations, photographic reconnaissance reveals that this accuracy was obtained and that the purpose of the attack was achieved. It is now known that a German division was engaged in defensive manoeuvres in one of the assault areas. This fortuitous circumstance for the enemy retarded our ground success in this area but was largely mullified by the effectiveness of the air attack. The failure of the German to oppose the ground operation in anticipated strength, and his ability to make more than piecemeal counter attacks, is considered due to air interdiction of his lines of communication and to the incessant blasting of his dispersed elements by fighter forces of the Vlll Fighter Command. The Eighth Air Force can be proud of its major part in this air action.” Signed Doolittle.

That news looked and sounded good to all of us so with renewed energy we continue our work. On Tuesday, the thirteenth, another problem was made and Private Harold Sanks, Acting First Sergeant of our Detachment at Fowlmere, was promoted to Corporal. The following day our Supply Sergeant, Doll, returned from the hospital to resume his duties in that department.

The fifteenth of the month had slipped behind and with it the anniversary of our eighteenth month in England…

The remainder of the month saw little or no change in our duties although we did have a few shuffles in personnel which dropped to normal with the closing of the invasion month. One of these changes later in the month occurred on the eighteenth when Sergeant Peterson was sent to Thriplow with a slight touch of Neuralgia. On the twentieth of the month our Teletype Maintenance man was sent to Station 520 for a seven day course in Bomb Reconnaissance, and on the twenty-first Peterson was sent from sick quarters to duty at 0900 hours. Sergeant Crott returned to duty on the twenty-eighth of the month. It was also around this time of the month that we were sent another radio operator from Ajax to fill a shortfall in the Detachment “A” at Raydon. This was Private Saul Kaplan.

For the remainder of the month the teletypes continued to pour in over our machines and on the nineteenth the following message from Doolittle and Kepner was received:

“I pass on to you, adding my own appreciation to Admiral Kirk’s and General [Spaatz]’s, the following extract from a message from him: ‘The Air Cover has been so perfect in daylight that all we do is wonder which type is now going overhead – Spit, P-47, etc. A Great tribute. I desire that you notify all personnel involved.’”


The following last message of the month received by the Supreme Commander from His Majesty King George Vl was passed on in the following words:

“Today I have visited the beaches of Normandy which will be forever famous. All that I saw on my journey and on soil of France has moved me deeply. I have come home feeling an intense admiration for all those who planned and organized this vast project and the gallant and successful execution of it all its varied phases by everyone of those engaged in this great battle.”’


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IWM Clow Collection AE2200

Each month the 78th Fighter Group’s historian painstakingly assembled reports from the different sections at Duxford. As well as the flying Group, the service units and support staff had to submit information about their activities that month. Even though in May 1944 the Group was preparing for the largest combined operation ever mounted – D-Day – life on base continued as before. And so did the reports. From May 1944’s history we’ve taken the below detailed account of the station’s ‘Athletic Activities’, compiled by 1st Lieutenant Willard L Owen, Air Corps Athletics Officer. I’m not a follower of American sports, so if you’re like me you might find some of the early detail a little confusing, but do persevere. Some of the descriptions and team names are wonderfully evocative. The ‘Stumblebums’ are a particular favourite:

‘BASEBALL: A ten team post baseball league got under way at this station the first of the month and eleven games have been played, some had to be cancelled due to inclimate weather, and the training schedule. In games played the North Islanders lost to Stumblebums 4 to 1 and beat the Bears 14 to 5. The Vikings beat the Dry Runs 4 to 1. The Air Screws beat the Foreigners 6 to 5. The Vagabonds beat the Bears 6 to 3. The Vagabonds beat the Foreigners 1 to 0 on Forfeit. The Pirates beat the Vikings 10 to 7. The Dry Runs beat the Vagabonds 7 to 6. The Scalders beat the Stumble Bums 13 to 4. Those eleven games constitute all games played in the Post League. The Post Team has hit their winning stride and in the games played to date have scored 75 runs to 20 for the opposition. In the first game we took the Bottisham team 16-0, in the second we took the 66th Wing team into camp 12 to 1. The winning continued against Debden by score 8 to 3. The next game came out [disastrous] for our side although the boys played head up ball and after the second inning the USSTAF MPs did not score but did not need to after errors in the first two innings let in 3 runs, the score was 3 to 2 against us although we out hit them 6 to5 but they still pay off on runs and not hits. The next game we went back to our winning stride and took the A.S.C. Blockbusters into camp 13 to 5, at the end of the second inning the score was 11 to 0 in our favour when a complete new team was substituted, every man out for the post team was given a chance to play. The final game was a road trip played at 280 Station Hospital, this time our boys had to overcome a 5 to 3 decision. Our star pitcher and the best in the ETO Duke Duca pitched swell ball in every game and in the last he turned hitting pitcher and the third inning he got two hits and a single and a home run. The baseball field is now in top shape after constant work and the back stop blown over by high winds has been replaced and we believe this field as good as any.

TENNIS: The Tennis courts have been in constant use all day and until late in the evening.

Our Golfers had some good matches at Cambridge and Saffron Walden as long as our golf balls lasted, more are now on the way from the states.

BOXING AND WRESTLING: there are around 15 boxers, wrestlers and weight lifters working our daily in the Gymnasium keeping in shape. Sgt Primitive Molina and our 1943 ETO Bantamweight champion on 24 May fought Cpl Taylor and gained the finals of the AAF Tournament held on the Kingston Football Ground. The 25 he fought the 8th Air Force champion whom he had beaten and lost to previously this year and won easily and was declared Army Air Force Bantamweight Champion of 1944. Sgt Harold Croy defeated Sgt Krusack in the semi-finals of the ETO Heavy Weight Wrestling tournament at Reading and will meet Sgt Gacek for the championship of the ETO.

VOLLEY BALL: The Squadrons have been having inter squadron volley ball and horse shoe pitching.

TRACK: The winners in the Army qualifying for the U.S. Team to meet the track team from Cambridge University and RAF Team every man we sent to the meet qualified, Major Jones came out second in the 220, Capt (M?)elley won the 220 and High Jump Lt Baum won the shot put. Lt Elson won Low Hurdles and was second in the 100 dash.

TABLE-TENNIS: The table tennis tables at the day rooms, officers club Aero Club and Gymnasium are used almost constantly.’


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