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First World War

Image of Lloyd George's Versailles Doodle

These doodles were done by Lloyd George at a meeting of the Inter-Allied Council to discuss the terms of the Armistice to be imposed on Germany in November 1918. Difficult and complicated business, reflected in this sketch from blotting paper on the negotiation table. A small figure is trapped in an endless red cage of intersecting lines – does this  suggest the complicated carve-up of postwar Europe, and the helpless individuals within it? The lines are repeated over and over again, like an unresolved conflict that continues to replay itself  – as it would in 1939, in a chain of events  rooted in the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

IWM explores the cycle of conflict and war, and how it shapes our lives. This includes our efforts to address and respond to the causes and consequences of war, and to break conflict cycles. This is why the Museum’s collections contain evidence of peacekeepers, peace makers and peace builders from 1918 to the present day.

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Dr Alison Ronan is a member of the Research staff at Manchester Metropolitan University who recently completed a doctorate about anti-war women in Manchester 1914-1918. She has experience as a youth and community worker in the NW for 30 years, including volunteer work on a conflict resolution project in the community and in prisons.

Dr Ronan will give a short talk introducing some of Manchester’s pacifist and anti-war women activists, working for peace during the First World War. The talk will outline the astonishing local and national activist networks, often built on the pre-war socialist and suffrage groups in the city; and look at the Manchester branches of the Women’s International League, the No Conscription Fellowship and the short lived but energetic Women’s Peace Crusade in 1917. Central to all these campaigns was the feisty pacifist and feminist reformer, and Manchester’s first woman Councillor, Margaret Ashton (1856-1937)

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